Stem Cell Treatment for Epilepsy

Related Articles Transplantation of human meningioma stem cells loaded on a self-assembling peptide nanoscaffold containing IKVAV improves traumatic brain injury in rats. Acta Biomater. 2019 May 07;: Authors: Negah SS, Oliazadeh P, Jahanbazi Jahan-Abad A, Eshaghabadi A, Samini F, Ghasemi S, Asghari A, Gorji A Abstract Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result in permanent brain function impairment due to the poor regenerative ability of neural tissue. Tissue engineering has appeared as a promising approach to promote nerve regeneration and to ameliorate brain damage. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of transplantation of the human meningioma stem-like cells (hMgSCs) seeded in a promising three-dimensional scaffold (RADA4GGSIKVAV; R-GSIK) on the functional recovery of the brain and neuroinflammatory responses following TBI in rats. After induction of TBI, hMgSCs seeded in R-GSIK was transplanted within the injury site and its effect was compared to several control groups. Application of hMgSCs with R-GSIK improved functional recovery after TBI. A significant higher number of hMgSCs was observed in the brain when transplanted with R-GSIK scaffold compared to the control groups. Application of hMgSCs seeded in R-GSIK significantly decreased the lesion volume, reactive gliosis, and apoptosis at the injury site. Furthermore, treatment with hMgSCs seeded in R-GSIK significantly inhibited the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 and its downstream signaling molecules, including interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor. These data revealed the potential for hMgSCs seeded in R-GSIK to improve the functional recovery of the brain after TBI; possibly via amelioration of inflammatory responses. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Tissue engineered scaffolds that mimic the natural extracellular matrix of the brain may modulate stem cell fate and contribute to tissue repair following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Among several scaffolds, self-assembly peptide nanofiber scaffolds markedly promotes cellular behaviors, including cell survival and differentiation. We developed a novel three-dimensional scaffold (RADA16GGSIKVAV; R-GSIK). Transplantation of the human meningioma stem-like cells seeded in R-GSIK in an animal model of TBI significantly improved brain functional recovery, possibly via enhancement of stem cell survival as well as reduction of the lesion volume, inflammatory process, and reactive gliosis at the injury site. R-GSIK is a suitable microenvironment for human stem cells and could be a potential biomaterial for the reconstruction of the injured brain after TBI. PMID: 31075516 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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