Stem Cell Treatment Diabetes

Stem Cell Treatment for Diabetes is an Option

STEM CELL TREATMENT DIABETESDiabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

There are three main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes: results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and presently requires the person to inject insulin. (Also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM for short, and juvenile diabetes.)
  • Type 2 diabetes: results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. (Formerly referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM for short, and adult-onset diabetes.)
  • Gestational diabetes: is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. It may precede development of type 2 DM.

Stem Cell Treatment and Diabetes

Streaming NIH Database:

Related Articles Hematopoietic stem/progenitor involvement in retinal microvascular repair during diabetes: Implications for bone marrow rejuvenation. Vision Res. 2017 10;139:211-220 Authors: Bhatwadekar AD, Duan Y, Korah M, Thinschmidt JS, Hu P, Leley SP, Caballero S, Shaw L, Busik J, Grant MB Abstract The widespread nature of diabetes affects all organ systems of an individual including the bone marrow. Long-term damage to the cellular and extracellular components of the bone marrow leads to a rapid decline in the bone marrow-hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HS/PCs) compartment. This review will highlight the importance of bone marrow microenvironment in maintaining bone marrow HS/PC populations and the contribution of these key populations in microvascular repair during the natural history of diabetes. The autonomic nervous system can initiate and propagate bone marrow dysfunction in diabetes. Systemic pharmacological strategies designed to protect the bone marrow-HS/PC population from diabetes induced-oxidative stress and advanced glycation end product accumulation represent a new approach to target diabetic retinopathy progression. Protecting HS/PCs ensures their participation in vascular repair and reduces the risk of vasogdegeneration occurring in the retina. PMID: 29042190 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related Articles Human urine-derived stem cells play a novel role in the treatment of STZ-induced diabetic mice. J Mol Histol. 2018 Apr 19;: Authors: Zhao T, Luo D, Sun Y, Niu X, Wang Y, Wang C, Jia W Abstract Human urine-derived stem cells (hUSCs) are a potential stem cell source for cell therapy. However, the effect of hUSCs on glucose metabolism regulation in type 1 diabetes was not clear. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate whether hUSCs have protective effect on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. hUSCs were extracted and cultivated with a special culture medium. Flow cytometry analysis was applied to detect cell surface markers. BALB/c male nude mice were either injected with high-dose STZ (HD-STZ) or multiple low-dose STZ (MLD-STZ). Serum and pancreatic insulin were measured, islet morphology and its vascularization were investigated. hUSCs highly expressed CD29, CD73, CD90 and CD146, and could differentiate into, at least, bone and fat in vitro. Transplantation of hUSCs into HD-STZ treated mice prolonged the median survival time and improved their blood glucose, and into those with MLD-STZ improved the glucose tolerance, islet morphology and increased the serum and pancreas insulin content. Furthermore, CD31 expression increased significantly in islets of BALB/c nude mice treated with hUSCs compared to those of un-transplanted MLD-STZ mice. hUSCs could improve the median survival time and glucose homeostasis in STZ-treated mice through promoting islet vascular regeneration and pancreatic beta-cell survival. PMID: 29675567 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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