Stem Cell Treatment for Autism

Stem Cell Treatments for Autism are currently available at SIRM

Stem Cell Therapy for Autism Stem Cell Treatment  Autism

Autism Background:

About a third to a half of individuals with autism do not develop enough natural speech to meet their daily communication needs. Differences in communication may be present from the first year of life, and may include delayed onset of babbling, unusual gestures, diminished responsiveness, and vocal patterns that are not synchronized with the caregiver. In the second and third years, autistic children have less frequent and less diverse babbling, consonants, words, and word combinations; their gestures are less often integrated with words. Autistic children are less likely to make requests or share experiences, and are more likely to simply repeat others' words (echolalia) or reverse pronouns. Joint attention seems to be necessary for functional speech, and deficits in joint attention seem to distinguish infants with ASD. for example, they may look at a pointing hand instead of the pointed-at object, and they consistently fail to point at objects in order to comment on or share an experience. Autistic children may have difficulty with imaginative play and with developing symbols into language.

Repetitive behavior

Forms of repetitive or restricted behavior (RBS-R):

  • Stereotypy is repetitive movement, such as hand flapping, making sounds, head rolling, or body rocking.
  • Compulsive behavior is intended and appears to follow rules, such as arranging objects in stacks or lines.
  • Sameness is resistance to change; for example, insisting that the furniture not be moved or refusing to be interrupted.
  • Ritualistic behavior involves an unvarying pattern of daily activities, such as an unchanging menu or a dressing ritual. This is closely associated with sameness and an independent validation has suggested combining the two factors.
  • Restricted behavior is limited in focus, interest, or activity, such as preoccupation with a single television program, toy, or game.
  • Self-injury includes movements that injure or can injure the person, such as eye poking, skin picking, hand biting, and head banging. A 2007 study reported that self-injury at some point affected about 30% of children with ASD.

No single repetitive or self-injurious behavior seems to be specific to autism, but only autism appears to have an elevated pattern of occurrence and severity of these behaviors.

Autism treatment studies and stem cell protocols:

Related Articles Generation of an induced pluripotent stem cell line from a patient with autism spectrum disorder and SCN2A haploinsufficiency. Stem Cell Res. 2019 Jun 25;39:101488 Authors: Sampaio GLA, Martins GLS, Paredes BD, Nonaka CKV, da Silva KN, Rossi EA, Dos Santos RR, Soares MBP, Souza BSF Abstract Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of diseases that affect social interaction, communication and behavior. Molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of ASDs are complex due to genetic heterogeneity. Recently, pathogenic variants of SCN2A have been strongly associated with ASDs. Here, we generated iPSCs from a patient with ASD and a heterozygous nonsense mutation in SCN2A, by reprogramming mesenchymal stromal cells with non-integrating vectors. The generated iPSC line expresses pluripotency markers, presents a normal karyotype and is able to differentiate into the three germ layers. This iPSC line is a useful tool for modeling ASD and drug screening studies. PMID: 31272037 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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