Kidney Failure Stem Cell Treatment

Kidney Failure Stem Cell Therapy

Stem Cell Treatments for Kidney Failure are now available at SIRM

Renal failure or kidney failure (formerly called renal insufficiency) describes a medical condition in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter toxins and waste products from the blood. Two forms:

  • acute (acute kidney injury)
  • chronic (chronic kidney disease)
  • a number of other diseases or health problems may cause either form of renal failure to occur.

Renal failure is described as a decrease in glomerular filtration rate. Biochemically, renal failure is typically detected by an elevated serum creatinine level.

Problems frequently encountered in kidney malfunction include abnormal fluid levels in the body, deranged acid levels, abnormal levels of potassium, calcium, phosphate, and (in the longer term) anemia as well as delayed healing in broken bones. Depending on the cause, hematuria (blood loss in the urine) and proteinuria (protein loss in the urine) may occur. Long-term kidney problems have significant repercussions on other diseases, such as cardiovascular disease.Kidney Failure Stem Cell Treatment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stem Cell Treatments for Kidney Failure at SIRM

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Related Articles Hyaluronan coating improves liver engraftment of transplanted human biliary tree stem/progenitor cells. Stem Cell Res Ther. 2017 Mar 20;8(1):68 Authors: Nevi L, Carpino G, Costantini D, Cardinale V, Riccioni O, Di Matteo S, Melandro F, Berloco PB, Reid L, Gaudio E, Alvaro D Abstract BACKGROUND: Cell therapy of liver diseases with human biliary tree stem cells (hBTSCs) is biased by low engraftment efficiency. Coating the hBTSCs with hyaluronans (HAs), the primary constituents of all stem cell niches, could facilitate cell survival, proliferation, and, specifically, liver engraftment given that HAs are cleared selectively by the liver. METHODS: We developed a fast and easy method to coat hBTSCs with HA and assessed the effects of HA-coating on cell properties in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: The HA coating markedly improved the viability, colony formation, and population doubling of hBTSCs in primary cultures, and resulted in a higher expression of integrins that mediate cell attachment to matrix components. When HA-coated hBTSCs were transplanted via the spleen into the liver of immunocompromised mice, the engraftment efficiency increased to 11% with respect to 3% of uncoated cells. Notably, HA-coated hBTSC transplantation in mice resulted in a 10-fold increase of human albumin gene expression in the liver and in a 2-fold increase of human albumin serum levels with respect to uncoated cells. Studies in distant organs showed minimal ectopic cell distribution without differences between HA-coated and uncoated hBTSCs and, specifically, cell seeding in the kidney was excluded. CONCLUSIONS: A ready and economical procedure of HA cell coating greatly enhanced the liver engraftment of transplanted hBTSCs and improved their differentiation toward mature hepatocytes. HA coating could improve outcomes of stem cell therapies of liver diseases and could be immediately translated into the clinic given that GMP-grade HAs are already available for clinical use. PMID: 28320463 [PubMed - in process]
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Related Articles Kidney Transplantation for Kidney Failure Due to Multiple Myeloma: Case Reports. Am J Kidney Dis. 2017 Mar 17;: Authors: Le TX, Wolf JL, Peralta CA, Webber AB Abstract Transplantation centers have historically considered a history of multiple myeloma as a contraindication to kidney transplantation due to high recurrence rates and poor transplant survival. However, there have been significant advances in the treatment of multiple myeloma, with improved patient survival, which may allow for successful kidney transplantation in these patients. We report on 4 patients who underwent kidney transplantation at our institution between 2009 and 2015 after having achieved a very good partial response or better with chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation. All 4 patients received kidneys from living donors; 2 underwent induction therapy with basiliximab, and 2, with thymoglobulin. One patient had progression of myeloma, which responded well to therapy. All had functioning transplants at 1 year after kidney transplantation. No patients experienced a rejection episode or infections with BK polyomavirus or cytomegalovirus, with follow-up ranging from 16 to 58 months after kidney transplantation. Our experience suggests that kidney transplantation is feasible in a subset of patients with multiple myeloma. Future studies are necessary to compare outcomes in these patients with other high-risk patients undergoing kidney transplantation. PMID: 28320553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Related Articles The exciting "bench to bedside" journey of cell therapies for acute kidney injury and renal transplantation. J Nephrol. 2017 Mar 21;: Authors: Dellepiane S, Medica D, Quercia AD, Cantaluppi V Abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized by an increasing incidence and poor outcomes in both developed and undeveloped countries. AKI is also acquiring importance in the setting of kidney transplantation (KT): besides all the classical forms of AKI that KT patients may undergo, several transplant-specific injuries can also lead to the loss of graft function. The mechanisms of tissue damage in native and grafted kidneys share several common pathogenic elements. Since appropriate therapeutic treatments are still lacking-probably due to the disease complexity-clinicians are forced to provide only supportive care. In this composite scenario, cell therapies represent an evolving frontier for AKI treatment in native and transplanted kidneys: ex-vivo manipulated stem or immune cells are able to counteract renal dysfunction by a wide range of biological mechanisms. In this review, we will discuss the potential applications of cell therapies in AKI and KT by analyzing the available clinical data and the most promising experimental prospects from a "bench to bedside" perspective. PMID: 28321822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Related Articles Potential Therapeutic Strategies of Regenerative Medicine for Renal Failure. Curr Stem Cell Res Ther. 2017 Mar 17;: Authors: Mata-Miranda MM, Delgado-Macuil RJ, Rojas-Lopez M, Martinez-Flores R, Vazquez-Zapien GJ Abstract Kidney diseases are a public health problem worldwide; the mortality rate is between 50 and 80%. Available therapies include replacement function by dialysis or transplant, associated with a high morbidity and mortality; kidney transplantation is limited by the shortage of donor organs, immune rejection and lifelong treatment with immunosuppressive. Likewise, none of these treatments compensates all kidney functions. There is a great concern in developing more effective therapies with the ability to replace the wide range of renal functions, so that, new researches on developing therapeutic strategies have focused on regenerative medicine, science that includes artificial creation of tissues and organs, in order to repair or replace a tissue or organ function. The aim of this paper is to review the new advances in regenerative medicine strategies for treatment of renal failure. Generally, regenerative medicine comprises two therapeutic strategies: cell therapy and tissue engineering. Cell therapy techniques depend on cell and tissue culture, with the aim to grow specific cells that will replace morphological structures, tissues and functions. In this area, some investigations that include the use of stem cells have been carried out. Tissue engineering complements cell therapy combining techniques of biological sciences and engineering to create structures and devices as scaffolds, matrices or biocompatible materials, which alone or in combination will give support and facilitate the repair of damaged tissue. Even though there is a great advance in regenerative medicine strategies, we are far from using any of its techniques on health institutions, due to it is necessary to evaluate side effects, biodistribution, dosage, type of administration, vehicle of cell therapy, as well as the evaluation of response time and long-term studies, among other studies. PMID: 28322169 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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