Stem Cell Treatment Heart Disease

Stem Cells and Heart Disease

Stem Cell Treatments for Heart Disease is an Option

Cardiovascular diseases remain the biggest cause of deaths worldwide, though over the last two decades, cardiovascular mortality rates have declined in many high-income countries but have increased at an astonishingly fast rate in low- and middle-income countries. The percentage of premature deaths from cardiovascular disease range from 4% in high-income countries to 42% in low-income countries. More than 17 million people died from cardiovascular diseases in 2008. Each year, heart disease kills more Americans than cancer. In recent years, cardiovascular risk in women has been increasing and has killed more women than breast cancer.

Measures to prevent cardiovascular disease may include:

  • Keeping unapposed simple carbohydrates under control, no matter what type: fruit, bread, dairy, etc.
  • decrease emotional stress, or how you react to the environment (traffic, work, deadlines, lifestyle, etc.)
  • a low fat high fiber diet including whole grains and plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables (at least five portions a day)
  • a diet high in complex vegetables and colorful fruit
  • tobacco cessation;
  • limit alcohol consumption;
  • lower blood pressures if elevated through diet and exercise;
  • decrease body fat (BMI);
  • increase daily activity to 30 minutes of any kind of exercise per day at least five times per week

A fairly recent emphasis is on the link between low-grade inflammation that hallmarks atherosclerosis and its possible interventions. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a common inflammatory marker that has been found to be present in increased levels in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease. Also osteoprotegerin which is involved with regulation of a key inflammatory transcription factor called NF-κB has been found to be a risk factor of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Studies have shown that Stem Cells have shown the ability to reduce inflammation.

 

Stem Cell Treatments for Heart Disease is an Option

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Related Articles Rapid Delivery of Hsa-miR-590-3p Using Targeted Exosomes to Treat Acute Myocardial Infarction Through Regulation of the Cell Cycle. J Biomed Nanotechnol. 2018 May 01;14(5):968-977 Authors: Wang Y, Ding N, Guan G, Liu G, Huo D, Li Y, Wei K, Yang J, Cheng P, Zhu C Abstract Acute myocardial infarction leads to heart failure due to inadequate regeneration of cardiomyocytes. Therefore, promotion of cardiomyocyte proliferation is the key for the restoration of cardiac function. Induction of the cell cycle and the downregulation of genes that inhibit cardiomyocyte proliferation could induce cardiomyocyte to re-enter into the proliferative state. Hsa-miR-590-3p has good application prospects in myocardial proliferation since it could downregulate the expression of genes inhibiting cell proliferation such as Hopx. However, delivering sufficient hsa-miR-590-3p to the infarct area with non-invasive and non-viral methods efficiently and rapidly is challenging. Based on the high expression of cTnI in the microenvironment of infarct area, we used gene transfection to express a cTnI-targeted short peptide on the surface of mesenchymal stem cells to obtain cTnI-targeted exosomes. These exosomes could localize to infarct area along a cTnI concentration gradient. Exosomes carrying hsa-miR-590-3p were endocytosis by cardiomyocytes and thus promoted cardiomyocyte proliferation in the peri-infarct area and eventually restored cardiac function. Our results show that targeted exosome is a minimally invasive, non-viral, efficient, and rapid delivery system for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. PMID: 29883566 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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Related Articles CARDIAC INVOLVEMENT IN Beta-THALASSAEMIA: Current treatment strategies. Postgrad Med. 2019 Apr 19;: Authors: Paul A, Thomson VS, Refat M, Al-Rawahi B, Taher A, Nadar SK Abstract Despite the advances in the management of thalassaemia major, heart disease remains the leading cause of mortality in patients afflicted with this disorder. Cardiac involvement in thalassaemia encompasses a spectrum of disorders including myocardial dysfunction, arrhythmias, pulmonary hypertension and peripheral vascular disease. Although cardiac siderosis (accumulation of iron in cardiac myocytes) as a consequence of repeated blood transfusions is deemed to be the main aetiologic factor for myocardial dysfunction in transfusion dependent patients, the significance of other pathophysiologic mechanisms is being increasingly recognized especially in non-transfusion dependent patients. Management of cardiac complications in thalassaemia major hinges on the treatment of the underlying pathophysiology, which often is unmitigated iron overload. The prevalence and predictors of cardiac complications in "ex-thalassaemics" [thalassaemic patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT)]is unknown at present. In this review we look at the pathogenesis of cardiac involvement in patients with beta-thalassemia major, the advances in the management of these patients and the future prospects. PMID: 31002266 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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