Stem Cell Treatment Hearing Loss

Stem Cell Treatment Hearing Loss at SIRM

Two Types:

1. Conductive hearing loss

A conductive hearing impairment is present when the sound is not reaching the inner ear, the cochlea. This can be due to external ear canal malformation, dysfunction of the eardrum or malfunction of the bones of the middle ear. The ear drum may show defects from small to total resulting in hearing loss of different degree. Scar tissue after ear infections may also make the ear drum dysfunction as well as when it is retracted and adherent to the medial part of the middle ear.

Dysfunction of the three small bones of the middle ear; hammer, anvil and stapes may result in conductive hearing loss. The mobility of the ossicles may be impaired of different reasons and disruption of the ossicular chain due to trauma, infection or anchylosis may also result in hearing loss.

2. Sensorineural hearing loss

A sensorineural hearing loss is one resulting from dysfunction of the inner ear, the cochlea, the nerve that transmits the impulses from the cochlea to the hearing centre in the brain or damage in the brain. The most common reason for sensorineural hearing impairment is damage to the hair cells in the cochlea. As we grow older the hair cells degenerate and lose their function, and our hearing deteriorates. Depending on the definition it could be estimated that more than 50% of the population over the age of 70 has an impaired hearing. Impaired hearing is the most common physical handicap in the industrialized world.

Another common reason for hearing loss due to hair cell damage is noise-induced hearing loss. These types of hearing loss are often most pronounced in the high frequency range. This will often interfere with speech understanding, as it is in the high frequency range that we find the consonant sounds that are most important especially in noisy surroundings. Head trauma, ear infections, tumours and ototoxic drugs such as gentamyacin are other reasons for sensorineural hearing loss.

Mixed hearing loss

Mixed hearing loss is a combination of the two types discussed above. Chronic ear infection that is a fairly common diagnosis could result in a defect ear drum and/or middle ear ossicle damages.

Stem Cell Treatment for Hearing Loss

Streaming NIH Database:

Related Articles Late Effects in Pediatric High-risk Neuroblastoma Survivors After Intensive Induction Chemotherapy Followed by Myeloablative Consolidation Chemotherapy and Triple Autologous Stem Cell Transplants. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2017 May 23;: Authors: Armstrong AE, Danner-Koptik K, Golden S, Schneiderman J, Kletzel M, Reichek J, Gosiengfiao Y Abstract Multimodal treatment in high-risk neuroblastoma has modestly improved survival; limited data exist on the late effects from these regimens. We report the sequelae of treatment incorporating 3 consecutive cycles of high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplants (ASCTs) without the use of total body irradiation (TBI). We reviewed the medical records of 61 patients treated on or following the Chicago Pilot 2 protocol between 1991 and 2008. Of the 25 patients who are alive (41%), 19 had near complete data to report. Specific treatment modalities and therapy-related side effects were collected. Fourteen of these 19 patients (74%) received 3 cycles of high-dose therapy with ASCT; follow-up occurred over a median of 13.9 years (range, 5.8 to 18.8 y). The majority of late effects were endocrine-related, including growth failure, hypothyroidism, and hypogonadism. Patients also developed secondary neoplasms and skeletal deformities. The most frequent sequela was hearing loss, seen in 17/19 patients. We found a high prevalence of various late effects in survivors of high-risk neuroblastoma using a non-TBI-based regimen including 3 cycles of high-dose therapy with ASCTs. As current treatment regimens recommend tandem ASCT without TBI, it is imperative that we understand and monitor for the sequelae from these modalities. PMID: 28538090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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