Stroke Stem Cell Treatment

 

Stem Cell Treatment for StrokeStem Cell Treatment for a Stroke is an option

What is a Stroke?

Stroke and Stem Cell Therapy


A stroke (Cerebrovascular Accident or CVA), is the rapid loss of brain function due to the blood supply to the brain being disturbed. This can be from ischemia from the lack of blood flow or from a blockage known as Thrombosis, an Arterial Embolism, or a Haemorrhage where blood is leaking out or inside the brain.

The affected area of the brain is unable to function correctly and may result in an inability to move especially in one or more limbs on one side of the body. Stroke can also cause an inability to understand speech or speak or see properly. 

A stroke is a medical emergency that needs immediate medical attention. Stroke can cause permanent neurological damage and ongoing complications, and death. It is the a leading cause of adult disability in the around the world.

Risk factors for stroke include ederly people,  high blood pressure (hypertension), a previous stroke or from a transient ischemic attack (TIA).

Other related risk conditions include diabetes, high cholesterol, cigarette smoking and atrial fibrillation. High blood pressure is the most important modifiable risk factor of stroke.

A silent stroke is a stroke that does not have any outward symptoms, and the patient is typically unaware they have suffered a stroke. A silent stroke still causes damage to the brain, and places the person at risk for both transient ischemic attack and a major stroke occuring in the future.

People who have suffered a major stroke are at risk of having silent strokes as well.Stem Cell Treatment for Stroke

 

Stroke rehabilitation.

Lancet. 2011 May 14;377(9778):1693-702

Authors: Langhorne P, Bernhardt J, Kwakkel G

Stroke is a common, serious, and disabling global health-care problem, and rehabilitation is a major part of patient care. There is evidence to support rehabilitation in well coordinated multidisciplinary stroke units or through provision of early supported provision of discharge teams. Potentially beneficial treatment options for motor recovery of the arm include constraint-induced movement therapy and robotics.

Promising interventions that could be beneficial to improve aspects of gait include fitness training, high-intensity therapy, and repetitive-task training. Repetitive-task training might also improve transfer functions. Occupational therapy can improve activities of daily living; however, information about the clinical effect of various strategies of cognitive rehabilitation and strategies for aphasia and dysarthria is scarce. Several large trials of rehabilitation practice and of novel therapies (eg, stem-cell therapy, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, virtual reality, robotic therapies, and drug augmentation) are underway to inform future practice.

PMID: 21571152 [PubMed - in process]

 

Stem Cell Treatment for Stroke NIH Streaming Database:

Related Articles Cell Therapy for Chronic Stroke. Stroke. 2018 Apr 18;: Authors: Wechsler LR, Bates D, Stroemer P, Andrews-Zwilling YS, Aizman I PMID: 29669865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Related Articles Are Stem Cells the Next Generation of Stroke Therapeutics? Stroke. 2018 Apr 18;: Authors: Savitz SI PMID: 29669866 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Related Articles Pharmacological approaches promoting stem cell-based therapy following ischemic stroke insults. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2018 Apr 19;: Authors: Zhu SZ, Szeto V, Bao MH, Sun HS, Feng ZP Abstract Stroke can lead to long-term neurological deficits. Adult neurogenesis, the continuous generation of newborn neurons in distinct regions of the brain throughout life, has been considered as one of the appoaches to restore the neurological function following ischemic stroke. However, ischemia-induced spontaneous neurogenesis is not suffcient, thus cell-based therapy, including infusing exogenous stem cells or stimulating endogenous stem cells to help repair of injured brain, has been studied in numerous animal experiments and some pilot clinical trials. While the effects of cell-based therapy on neurological function during recovery remains unproven in randomized controlled trials, pharmacological agents have been administrated to assist the cell-based therapy. In this review, we summarized the limitations of ischemia-induced neurogenesis and stem-cell transplantation, as well as the potential proneuroregenerative effects of drugs that may enhance efficacy of cell-based therapies. Specifically, we discussed drugs that enhance proliferation, migration, differentiation, survival and function connectivity of newborn neurons, which may restore neurobehavioral function and improve outcomes in stroke patients. PMID: 29671416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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