User Rating:  / 3

Stem Cell Treatment for Rejuvenation

Related Articles Hematopoietic stem/progenitor involvement in retinal microvascular repair during diabetes: Implications for bone marrow rejuvenation. Vision Res. 2017 10;139:211-220 Authors: Bhatwadekar AD, Duan Y, Korah M, Thinschmidt JS, Hu P, Leley SP, Caballero S, Shaw L, Busik J, Grant MB Abstract The widespread nature of diabetes affects all organ systems of an individual including the bone marrow. Long-term damage to the cellular and extracellular components of the bone marrow leads to a rapid decline in the bone marrow-hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HS/PCs) compartment. This review will highlight the importance of bone marrow microenvironment in maintaining bone marrow HS/PC populations and the contribution of these key populations in microvascular repair during the natural history of diabetes. The autonomic nervous system can initiate and propagate bone marrow dysfunction in diabetes. Systemic pharmacological strategies designed to protect the bone marrow-HS/PC population from diabetes induced-oxidative stress and advanced glycation end product accumulation represent a new approach to target diabetic retinopathy progression. Protecting HS/PCs ensures their participation in vascular repair and reduces the risk of vasogdegeneration occurring in the retina. PMID: 29042190 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Related Articles Inhibition of p16INK4A to Rejuvenate Aging Human Cardiac Progenitor Cells via the Upregulation of Anti-oxidant and NFκB Signal Pathways. Stem Cell Rev. 2018 Apr 19;: Authors: Khatiwala RV, Zhang S, Li X, Devejian N, Bennett E, Cai C Abstract Autologous human cardiac stem/progenitor cell (hCPC) therapy is a promising treatment that has come into use in recent years for patients with cardiomyopathy. Though innovative in theory, a major hindrance to the practical application of this treatment is that the hCPCs of elderly patients, who are most susceptible to myocardial disease, are senescent and prone to cell death. Rejuvenating hCPCs from elderly patients may help overcome this obstacle, and can be accomplished by reversing entry into the cellular stage of senescence. p16INK4A, a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor, is an important player in the regulation of cell senescence. In this study, we investigated whether knockdown of p16INK4A will rejuvenate aging hCPCs to a youthful phenotype. Our data indicated that upregulation of p16INK4A is associated with hCPC senescence. Both cell proliferation and survival capacity were significantly increased in hCPCs infected with lentivirus expressing p16INK4A shRNA when compared to control hCPCs. The knockdown of p16INK4A also induced antioxidant properties as indicated by a 50% decrease in ROS generation at basal cell metabolism, and a 25% decrease in ROS generation after exposure to oxidative stress. Genes associated with cell senescence (p21CIP1), anti-apoptosis (BCL2 and MCL1), anti-oxidant (CYGB, PRDX1 and SRXN1), and NFκB signal pathway (p65, IKBKB, HMOX1, etc.), were significantly upregulated after the p16INK4A knockdown. Knocking down the NFĸB-p65 expression also significantly diminished the cytoprotective effect caused by the p16INK4A knockdown. Our results suggest that genetic knockdown of p16INK4A may play a significant role in inducing antioxidant effects and extending lifespan of aging hCPCs. This genetic modification may enhance the effectiveness of autologous hCPC therapy for repair of infarcted myocardium. PMID: 29675777 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Quick Contact Form